Voss, Edward W., Jr. Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
Last reviewed:January 2019
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- Relationship of microbiology to other scientific fields
- Microbiological research
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The multidisciplinary science of microorganisms that began with the study of bacteria. Microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms (that is, microbes, or organisms too small to be seen without a microscope), including bacteria (Fig. 1), fungi (Fig. 1), algae, protozoa (Fig. 2), viruses (Fig. 2), and archaea (prokaryotic microorganisms that differ from bacteria). The prefix "micro-" generally refers to an object sufficiently small that a microscope is required for visualization. See also: Algae; Archaea; Bacteria; Fungi; Marine microbiology; Microscope; Petroleum microbiology; Protozoa; Soil microbiology; Textile microbiology; Virus
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