DISCLAIMER: This article is being kept online for historical purposes. Though accurate at last review, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information.
Klein, Donald A. Department of Microbiology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.
- Interaction types
- Interaction characteristics
- Energy sources and microbial interactions
- Studying interactions in plants, animals, and microbes
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
All organisms interact with their environments, whether acquiring the resources needed for survival, sensing other organisms or physical surfaces, protecting themselves from various threats, or disposing of their waste products. With their high biomass and large populations worldwide, microorganisms interact with their nonliving and living environments to have effects that extend far beyond their individual cells, even at the global scale. These interactions also shape the microbes themselves, physically and physiologically, through genetic and epigenetic processes. (Epigenetic processes, in contrast to genetic processes, involve changes in gene expression that are not due to changes in DNA sequence.)
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information