Kalpakjian, Serope Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois.
- Influence on service behavior
- Process selection
- Metallurgical structure
- Tolerances and finish
- Production factors
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Manufacturing processes by which parts or components are fabricated from metal stock. In the specific technical sense, metal forming involves changing the shape of a piece of metal. In general terms, however, it may be classified roughly into five categories: mechanical working, such as forging, extrusion, rolling, drawing, and various sheet-forming processes; casting; powder and fiber metal forming; electroforming; and joining processes. The selection of a process, or combination of processes, requires a knowledge of all possible methods of producing the part if a serviceable part is to be produced at the lowest overall cost.
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