Cummings, Michael R. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois.
Last reviewed:December 2018
Show previous versions
- Experimental work
- Law of segregation
- Independent assortment
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Fundamental principles governing the transmission of genetic traits, as discovered by Gregor Mendel. Mendelism is the term used to describe the basic laws of genetic inheritance (Fig. 1). These operating laws were formulated by Gregor Johann Mendel (1822–1884), an Augustinian monk, who conducted a number of notable experiments on plant hybrids. Mendel published his scientific work in 1866; however, it went largely unheralded until 1900, when other investigators performed similar hybridization experiments and brought his work to the attention of the scientific world. The rediscovery of his work is regarded as the beginning of genetics as an organized discipline. Since then, genetic crosses and breeding endeavors with many different organisms have confirmed the fundamental nature and significance of Mendel's work. See also: Animal breeding; Genetics; Plant breeding
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information