Schooler, Jonathan Learning, Research, and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Loftus, Elizabeth F. Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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- Stages of memory
- Sensory memory
- Short-term memory
- Long-term memory
- Decay of memory traces
- Motivated forgetting
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The mental ability to store and access information that has been acquired through experience. Memory (Fig. 1) is a critical component of practically all aspects of human thinking, including perception, learning, language, and problem solving. Through its elaborate mechanisms for sorting, organizing, and storing information, memory provides people with the building blocks necessary to structure their knowledge of the world and, ultimately, of themselves. See also: Cognition; Genetics of memory; Information processing (psychology); Learning; Perception; Problem solving (psychology); Psychology
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