- Engineering & Materials
- Naval architecture and marine engineering
- Marine transportation and the environment
Marine transportation and the environment
Meyer, Michael D. Department of Civil Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia.
- Vessel-related impacts
- Port operations
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The transportation system affects the natural environment in many ways. Land, vegetation, and natural habitats are impacted by the physical construction of the facilities used to move people and goods, such as highways, airport runways, and seaport facilities. The vehicles or vessels that use the transportation system also impact the surrounding environment, for example, through pollutant emissions from engines, discharges into water bodies, and noise and vibration disturbances from vehicle operations. Marine transportation, as one part of the transportation system, impacts the natural environment in a variety of ways, often resulting in governmental policies and vessel design or technology strategies aimed at reducing such impacts. With more than 90% of global trade carried by sea, and with the amount of goods loaded aboard ships reaching 7.4 billion metric tons (8.2 billion short tons) in 2006, marine transportation's impact on the environment can be widespread.
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