Van Andel, Tjeerd H. Department of Geology, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
Biscaye, Pierre E. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York.
Nafe, John E. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York.
Murray, James W. Department of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Takahashi, Taro Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York.
Farrington, John W. Department of Chemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
Lonsdale, Peter Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California.
Turekian, Karl K. Department of Geology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Hagelberg, Teresa King Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island.
Last reviewed:November 2019
- Environments of Deposition
- Sediments of continental margins
- Deep-sea sediments
- Physical Properties
- Sediment Chemistry
- Interstitial waters
- Carbonate and opal dissolution
- Organic geochemistry
- Transport and Rate of Sedimentation
- Transport of sediments
- Rates of sedimentation
- Climatic Record in Sediments
- Sediment indicators of climatic change
- Climate since the last ice age
- Pleistocene climates
- Pre-Pleistocene climates
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The accumulation of minerals and organic remains on the seafloor. Marine sediments vary widely in composition and physical characteristics as a function of water depth, distance from land, variations in sediment source, and the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of their environments. The study of marine sediments is an important phase of oceanographic research and, together with the study of sediments and sedimentation processes on land, constitutes the subdivision of geology known as sedimentology. See also: Marine geology; Oceanography; Sedimentology
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