Wikle, Thomas A. Department of Geography, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma.
- Design process
- Design principles
- Additional Readings
The systematic process of arranging and assigning meaning to elements on a map for the purpose of communicating geographic knowledge in a pleasing format. Unlike painting or graphic illustration, map design observes rigid limitations involving the juxtaposition and symbolization of geographic features such as rivers, national boundaries, and coastlines. During the twentieth century, standardized symbols and designs evolved for reference maps such as topographic maps. However, nonstandard maps with unique purposes must be designed through a process that encompasses creativity, experimentation, and evaluation. Careful design is crucial to map effectiveness to avoid distorted or inaccurately represented information and to enable the meaning of spatial information to be understood by the map user.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information