Saenger, Peter Centre for Coastal Management, University of New England, Northern Rivers, Lismore, Australia.
Last reviewed:August 2020
Show previous versions
- Distribution and types
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Any of the taxonomically diverse trees and shrubs that form the dominant plant communities in tidal, saline wetlands along sheltered tropical and subtropical coasts. The various species of mangrove trees and shrubs are important ecological community members of coastal intertidal zones in the tropics and subtropics (Fig. 1). The development and composition of mangrove communities depend largely on temperature, soil type and salinity, duration and frequency of inundation, accretion of silt, tidal and wave energy, and various fortuitous factors, including cyclone or flood frequencies. Extensive mangrove communities seem to correlate with areas in which the water temperature of the warmest month exceeds 24°C (75°F), and these communities are absent from waters that never exceed 24°C (75°F) during the year. Intertidal, sheltered, low-energy, muddy sediments are the most suitable habitats for mangrove communities. Under optimal conditions, mangrove forests up to 45 m (148 ft) in height can develop, such as those in Ecuador, Thailand, and Malaysia. Where less favorable conditions are found, mangrove communities may reach maturity at heights of only 1 m (3.3 ft). See also: Biogeography; Coastal landforms; Ecological communities; Ecosystem; Tree; Wetland
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information