Warner, Robert M. Department of Horticulture, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Last reviewed:August 2020
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A tree (Mangifera indica) grown throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of the world for the cultivation of its fruit. The mango (Mangifera indica) is a member of the cashew family Anacardiaceae (order Sapindales). Originating in Southeast Asia, the mango is a medium to large evergreen tree that is grown predominantly for its edible fruit (see illustration). The mango tree produces a dense, round canopy, with leaves up to 38 cm (15 in.) in length and 6.3 cm (2.5 in.) in width, which are reddish brown when young and dark green when mature. The tree puts down a deep taproot and has many fibrous roots near the surface. Small, pinkish-white flowers, which range from 600 to 2000 in number and which are mostly staminate (male), grow on large terminal panicles. See also: Fruit; Fruit, tree; Horticultural crops; Sapindales
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