Linzey, Donald W. Wytheville Community College, Wytheville, Virginia.
Last reviewed:August 2020
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- General morphology
- Behavior and habitats
- Related Primary Literature
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An order of small insectivorous mammals, commonly known as the elephant shrews, containing the single family Macroscelididae. The elephant shrews, also called sengis, constitute the Macroscelididae, the sole family of the order Macroscelidea. They are endemic to Africa. Although formerly thought to be most closely associated with shrews (the true shrews of the family Soricidae in the order Eulipotyphla), ungulates, and rabbits and hares, elephant shrews are now thought to be most closely associated with elephants, aardvarks, golden moles, tenrecs, hyraxes, and sea cows on the basis of DNA investigations. A new clade or grouping, called Afrotheria, has been proposed to collect these various related animals of African origin. See also: Africa; Mammalia; Phylogeny; Shrew
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