Lavrentovich, Oleg D. Liquid Crystals Institute and Chemical Physics Interdisciplinary Program, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio.
- Elasticity and the free energy of the nematic phase
- Elasticity of the smectic A phase
- Topological defects
- Applications of liquid crystals
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A state of matter with an orientational order of building units—individual molecules or their aggregates—and complete or partial absence of the long-range positional order. Liquid crystals, discovered more than 100 years ago, are one of the best-studied classes of soft matter, along with colloids, polymer solutions and melts, gels, and foams.
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