Isely, Duane Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.
Last reviewed:August 2020
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A member of the plant family Fabaceae (Leguminosae), and the name for the fruit produced by members of that family, as idealized in a bean or pea pod. The legume and grass families are by far the world's most important sources of food. Whereas grasses supply starch, legumes, which include beans, soybeans, peas, and alfalfa, supply proteins and fats. Through their root nodules, which are inhabited by Rhizobium bacteria, the legumes also preserve the nitrogen balance in soils. See also: Fabales; Fruit; Grass crops; Nitrogen fixation; Root (botany)
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