Patterson, Michael M. College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio.
Last reviewed:June 2019
Show previous versions
- Definition of learning
- Relationship between learning and memory
- Physiological processes
- Research methods
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The gathering, processing, storage, and recall of information received through the senses. The mechanisms involved in learning are associated with those processes, activities, structural components, and alterations of the nervous system that produce the behavioral manifestations and changes due to experience and event associations (rather than those due to maturation, fatigue, and other developmental or temporary states). The search for a neural basis of learning, including the areas of the brain involved in learning (Fig. 1), has long been guided by several central issues. For example, in complex learning tasks that require sensory information processing and learning, there are various levels of involvement of the higher brain structures. However, the question of the primary location of various learning processes remains. In addition, certain human brain systems (probably in the frontal lobes of the human brain) may have evolved to support the complex learning of self-awareness and language, which is characteristic of humans. See also: Brain; Human brain evolution; Information processing (psychology); Linguistics; Nervous system (vertebrate); Neurobiology; Problem solving (psychology); Vertebrate brain (evolution)
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 45 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information