Black, JT. Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama.
Last reviewed:September 2020
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- Mass versus lean production
- Lean cell design
- Flexibility (process and tooling adaptable to many types of products)
- Building to need
- Built-in maintainability/reliability/durability
- Machines, handling equipment, and tooling built for the needs of the cell and the system
- Equipment designed to be easy to operate, load, and unload
- Equipment designed to process single units, not batches
- Equipment that contains self-inspection devices (such as sensors and counters) to promote autonomation
- Equipment that is movable
- Equipment that is self-cleaning
- Equipment that is profitable at any production volume
- Lean cell operation
- Ergonomics of lean cells
- Manufacturing system integration
- Factory design
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A unique linked-cell manufacturing system. Initiated in the 1960s by the Toyota Motor Company, it is also known as the Toyota Production System (TPS), the Just-in-Time/Total Quality Control (JIT/TQC) system, or World Class Manufacturing (WCM) system. In 1990, it was given a name that would become universal, “lean production.” This term was coined by John Krafcik, an engineer working in the International Motor Vehicle program at MIT with J. P. Womack, D. Roos, and D. T. Jones, who observed that this new system used less of the key resources needed to make goods. What is different about the system is its use of manufacturing cells linked together (Fig. 1) with a functionally integrated system for inventory and production control. The result is low cost (high efficiency), superior quality, and on-time delivery of unique products from a flexible system. See also: Flexible manufacturing system; Inventory control; Manufacturing engineering
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