Kinetic theory of matter
Dresden, Max Institute for Theoretical Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York.
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A theory which states that the particles of matter in all states of aggregation are in vigorous motion. In computations involving kinetic theory, the methods of statistical mechanics are applied to specific physical systems. The atomistic or molecular structure of the system involved is assumed, and the system is then described in terms of appropriate distribution functions. The main purpose of kinetic theory is to deduce, from the statistical description, results valid for the whole system. The distinction between kinetic theory and statistical mechanics is thus of necessity arbitrary and vague. Historically, kinetic theory is the oldest statistical discipline. Today a kinetic calculation refers to any calculation in which probability methods, models, or distribution functions are involved.
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