Cook, Charles G. Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Weslaco, Texas.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Commercial uses
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An annual, short-day, herbaceous plant, Hibiscus cannabinus (of the Malvaceae family), which is cultivated for its stem fibers. Kenaf (see illustration) usually grows upright, reaching 4.5 m (15 ft) in height, and is cylindrical and either branched or unbranched. The stem is composed of two fibers: bast and core. The bast fibers, located in the bark, are long compared to the core fibers, produced in the stem's interior. The leaves either are entirely heart-shaped or display radiating lobes. Flowers are typically yellow with deep red centers. Wild forms of kenaf are found in east and central Africa, where kenaf has been used for both fiber and food for several centuries. Selection and breeding programs have developed varieties with higher fiber yields, improved disease resistance, and reduced branching. Among the approximately 200 species of Hibiscus, roselle (H. sabdariffa var. altissima) is occasionally referred to as kenaf. See also: Malvales
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information