Miller, Regis B. Center for Wood Anatomy Research, Forest Products Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Madison, Wisconsin.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Western juniper
- Rocky Mountain juniper
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Any of the 53 tree and shrub species in the genus Juniperus occurring throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The common juniper (J. communis) is the most widespread of all conifers (ranging from subarctic tundra to semidesert and alpine mountains). African pencil cedar (J. procera) grows in East Africa and extends south of the Equator. In the United States, there are 13 native tree species, but many more species, varieties, and forms are planted for horticultural purposes. So-called juniper berries (part of the cone) are used to flavor gin. See also: Distilled spirits; Evergreen plants; Forest and forestry; Pinales; Tree
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