Crum, Howard Herbarium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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One of the two subclasses of liverworts (class Hepaticopsida). The plants may be thallose, with little or no tissue differentiation, or they may be organized into erect or prostrate stems with leafy appendages. The leaves, generally one cell in thickness, are mostly arranged in three rows, with the third row of underleaves commonly reduced or even lacking. Oil bodies are usually present in all of the cells. The rhizoids are smooth. The capsules, generally dehiscing by four valves, are usually elevated on a long, delicate, short-lived seta. The spore mother cells are deeply lobed.
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