Steyn, Julian J. Energy Resources International, Inc., Washington, DC.
- Separation technologies
- Gaseous diffusion
- Gas centrifugation
- Laser separation
- Nozzle process
- Helikon process
- Thermal diffusion
- Chemical exchange
- Electromagnetic process
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The physical separation of different isotopes of an element from one another. The different isotopes of an element as it occurs in nature may have similar chemical properties but completely different nuclear reaction properties. Therefore, nuclear physics and nuclear energy applications often require that the different isotopes be separated. However, similar physical and chemical properties make isotope separation by conventional techniques unusually difficult. Fortunately, the slight mass difference of isotopes of the same element makes separation possible by using especially developed processes, some of which involve chemical industry distillation concepts. See also: Isotope
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