Turner, Megan B. Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Holbrey, John D. Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Spear, Scott K. Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Rogers, Robin D. Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Use in organic reactions
- Green chemistry
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
In the simplest sense, the liquid phase that forms on the melting of an ionic compound (that is, a salt) and consists entirely of discrete ions (Fig. 1). More specifically, ionic liquids are the liquid phase of organic salts (organic, complex cations) which melt at, or near, ambient temperature (below 100–150°C; 212–302°F). Ionic liquids chemically resemble both phase-transfer catalysts and surfactants and, in some cases, have been used for both purposes. See also: Phase-transfer catalysis; Salt (chemistry); Surfactant
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