Jensen, Arthur R. School of Education, University of California, Berkeley, California.
Last reviewed:January 2019
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- Unity or modularity of intelligence
- Correlates of IQ
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
General mental ability. Intelligence is the ability to comprehend and reason about things, as well as the skillful use of knowledge. It encompasses the integrative and adaptive functions of the brain (Fig. 1) and permits complex, unstereotyped, purposive responses to novel or changing situations. Overall, intelligence involves discrimination, generalization, learning, concept formation, mental manipulation of memories, inference, images, words and abstract symbols, elicitation of relations and correlates, reasoning, and problem solving. See also: Brain; Information processing (psychology); Learning; Memory; Problem solving (psychology)
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