Kuhn, Kelin Technology and Manufacturing Group, Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, Oregon.
Burghard, Ronald A. Formerly, Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, Oregon.
El-Mansy, Youssef Intel Corporation, Aloha, Oregon.
Berglund, C. Neil Intel Corporation, Aloha, Oregon.
Last reviewed:August 2020
- Types of Circuits
- MOS integrated circuits
- CMOS technology
- Integrated Optical Devices
- Simplified CMOS process flow
- Trends and Process Changes
- Historic process developments
- Prospective process developments
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Miniature electronic circuits produced within and upon a single semiconductor crystal, usually silicon. Integrated circuits (ICs) range in complexity from simple logic circuits and amplifiers, about 1.3 mm (0.05 in.) square, to very large scale integrated circuits (VLSI), up to about 25 mm (1 in.) square. They can contain over 109 transistors and other components that provide computer memory circuits and complex logic subsystems such as microcomputer central processor units (microprocessors) and digital signal processing (DSP). See also: Semiconductor; Silicon
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