Industrial wastewater treatment
Eckenfelder, W. Wesley, Jr. Eckenfelder, Inc., Nashville, Tennessee.
Galil, Noah I. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
Last reviewed:April 2018
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- Wastewater characterization
- Pretreatment and primary treatment
- Oil, grease, and suspended solids
- Heavy-metal precipitation
- Biological treatment
- Physical-chemical treatment
- Residuals management
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The processes used to separate, modify, remove, and destroy undesirable substances in wastewater from industrial sources. Sophisticated technology and process controls have been developed for treating industrial wastewater. To reduce waste loads and operating costs of treatment facilities, it is necessary to implement water management and waste minimization practices (Fig. 1).
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