Thomas, Marlin U. School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
Last reviewed:August 2019
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- Functions and activities
- Functional areas
- Human factors and work systems
- Production and distribution systems
- Manufacturing systems
- Operations research
- Related subdisciplines
- Industry 4.0
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A branch of engineering dealing with the design, development, and implementation of integrated systems of humans, machines, and information resources to provide products and services. Industrial engineering encompasses specialized knowledge and skills in the physical, social, engineering, and management sciences, such as human and cognitive sciences, computer systems and information technologies, manufacturing processes (see illustration), operations research, production, and automation. The industrial engineer integrates people into the design and development of systems, thus requiring an understanding of the physical, physiological, psychological, and other characteristics that govern and affect the performance of individuals and groups in working environments.
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