Wyrtki, Klaus Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Hayes, Dennis E. Formerly, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York.
Last reviewed:November 2019
- General Features
- Wind systems
- Surface temperature
- Surface salinity
- Surface water masses
- Subsurface water masses
- Geology and Geophysics
- Major plates
- Distribution of sediments
- Magnetic reversals
- Drilling programs
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The smallest and geologically the most youthful of the three oceans. It differs from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans in two important aspects. First, it is landlocked in the north, does not extend into the cold climatic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, and consequently it is asymmetrical with regard to its circulation. Second, the wind systems over its equatorial and northern portions change twice each year, causing an almost complete reversal of its circulation.
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