Hydrological consequences of global warming
Miller, Norman L. Climate Science Department, Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California.
Last reviewed:June 2019
Show previous versions
- Hydrological consequences of global warming, published June 2009:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Accelerating hydrologic cycle
- Ocean circulation
- Early snowmelt
- Water resources
- Sea-level rise
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Accelerating fluxes and stores of water in the atmosphere, oceans, and land regions because of global warming. Figure 1 shows the primary hydrologic cycle compartments and fluxes. The total volume of water in the Earth system is approximately 1.36 × 109 km3, with more than 97% stored in the oceans, 2.9% stored as freshwater in lakes, rivers, ice, snow, and available groundwater, and approximately 0.1% in the atmosphere. The cycling of water consists of atmospheric water vapor transport and precipitation, surface evaporation, transpiration from vegetation, infiltration of water into the ground, overland runoff and riverflow, and water stored in the oceans, snow, glaciers, permafrost, and deep groundwater. Surface water evaporates and is transported by the winds and precipitates back to the surface, where a portion is reevaporated into the atmosphere, another portion infiltrates into the ground, and the remainder runs off into rivers and ultimately into the oceans. See also: Global climate change; Hydrology
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information