Human biological variation
Bogin, Barry Allan Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Michigan, Dearborn, Michigan.
Last reviewed:June 2020
Show previous versions
- Biological versus biocultural variation
- Growth and development
- UV radiation
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The diversity of biological and genetic differences observed in the human population. Anthropologists study human biology to better understand the extent of human biological variability, to explain the mechanisms that create and pattern this variability, to relate variability to health and disease, and to understand the sociocultural factors that interact with and are influenced by this biology. The major areas of study of human biological variation are growth and development, genetic variation (Fig. 1), variation related to climate, infectious and noninfectious diseases, and demography. Modern anthropologists and human biologists appreciate the essentially adaptive nature of human variability and the importance of the concept of biocultural adaptability to the study of biological variation. This understanding opens opportunities for greater tolerance, reduced conflict, better health, and greater welfare for the entire human species. See also: Adaptation (biology); Anthropology; Genetics; Genomics; Human genetics; Human genome
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information