Wikle, Thomas A. Department of Geography, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma.
Last reviewed:November 2019
- Geologic history
- Physical geography
- Water properties and biology
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A horseshoe-shaped bay, approximately 1050 km (650 mi) wide and 1370 km (850 mi) long, stretching from the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario in the south to the Northwest Territories. With a surface area of approximately 827,000 km2 (320,000 mi2), Hudson Bay ranks twelfth in surface area among the Earth's seas and oceans. The bay is connected to the Arctic Ocean by the Foxe Channel and Roes Welcome Sound and to the Atlantic Ocean by the Hudson Strait (see illustration). Several islands are located within the bay, the largest of which is Southampton (41,212 km2; 15,912 mi2). See also: Atlantic ocean; North America
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