- Agriculture, Forestry & Soils
- Field crops, grasses, plant fibers, spices, tree crops, herbs
- Horticultural crop
Janick, Jules Department of Horticulture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
Last reviewed:September 2021
- Fruit crops
- Vegetable crops
- Ornamental crops
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An intensively managed plant cultivated for food or for esthetic purposes. Plant agriculture is divided traditionally into the fields of agronomy (herbaceous field crops, mainly grains, forages, oilseeds, and fiber crops), forestry (forest trees and products), and horticulture [garden crops, particularly fruits (Fig. 1), vegetables, spices and herbs, and all plants grown for ornamental use]. Most horticultural plants are utilized in the living state, with water essential to quality; thus, most horticultural crops and products are highly perishable. See also: Agricultural science (plant); Agronomy; Floriculture; Forest; Forestry
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