Hibernation and estivation
Musacchia, X. J. Department of Physiology and Space Science Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.
Graham, Jeffrey B. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California.
Lyman, Charles P. Department of Medical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Poikilotherm Animals
- Reptiles and amphibians
- Warm-Blooded Vertebrates
- Deep hibernators
- Temperature and pH effects
- Regulating factors
- Energy production
- Terrestrial ectotherms
- Aquatic ectotherms
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A general term applied to a condition of dormancy and torpor found in cold-blooded (poikilotherm) vertebrates and invertebrates. This rather universal phenomenon can be readily seen when body temperatures of poikilotherm animals drop in a parallel relation to ambient environmental temperatures. In the strict sense of the word, hibernation is a term which physiologists apply to relatively few species of mammals and birds (warm-blooded vertebrates).
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