Boschung, Herbert T. Formerly, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Last reviewed:October 2015
Show previous versions
- Family Clupeidae (herrings)
- Family Pristigasteridae (longfin herrings)
- Family Denticipitidae (denticle herrings)
- Family Chirocentridae (wolf herrings)
- Family Engraulidae (anchovies)
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The common name applied to certain fishes in the order Clupeiformes. Herring is not a taxonomic unit of fishes; therefore, it cannot be precisely defined. The typical image of herrings is a composite of the species in the family Clupeidae (Fig. 1); however, species in other families of clupeiforms bear the name herring, and species of Clupeidae may be named shad, menhaden, pilchard, sardine, sprat, and alewife, as well as herring. Most species of herrings inhabit coastal marine environments, where they form large schools at or near the surface and feed by filtering plankton from the water. They are typically prolific, broadcasting eggs and sperm in large quantities; however, some produce only small numbers of eggs or attach their eggs to the substrate. See also: Actinopterygii; Clupeiformes; Osteichthyes
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information