Jones, Richard T. Department of Biochemistry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon.
Last reviewed:January 2022
Show previous versions
- Hemoglobin, published March 2020:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Hemoglobin, published June 2014:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Synthesis and metabolism
- Heterogeneity and genetic control
- Normal values and function
- Oxidation states
- Blood chemistry
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The iron-containing, oxygen-carrying protein molecule of red blood cells. The protein hemoglobin (Fig. 1), which carries oxygen and contains iron, represents more than 95% of the solid constituents of the red blood cell. It is found in almost all vertebrates (members of the icefish family Channichthyidae are exceptions) and a few invertebrates [including a number of annelid worms, such as the hydrothermal vent worm (Riftia pachyptila)]. Hemoglobin is responsible for the transport of oxygen from the lungs to the other tissues of the body and participates in the transport of carbon dioxide in the reverse direction. More is known about the chemical structure and function of hemoglobin than any other protein. See also: Blood; Carbon dioxide; Iron; Oxygen; Protein; Respiration; Vertebrata
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information