Girvin, Steven M. Department of Physics, Sloane Physics Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Effect in semiconductors
- Effect in magnetic materials
- Quantization of Hall resistance
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An effect whereby a conductor carrying an electric current perpendicular to an applied magnetic field develops a voltage gradient which is transverse to both the current and the magnetic field. It was discovered by E. H. Hall in 1879. Important information about the nature of the conduction process in semiconductors and metals may be obtained through analysis of this effect.
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