Gulf of Mexico
Maul, George A. Department of Marine and Environmental Systems, College of Engineering, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida.
Last reviewed:August 2020
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- Marine geology
- Ocean currents
- Marine petro-energy
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The Gulf of Mexico is a subtropical semi-enclosed sea bordering the western North Atlantic Ocean. The Gulf of Mexico (Fig. 1) is the northern-most basin of the Intra-Americas Sea. It connects to the Caribbean Sea on the south through the Yucatán Channel and with the North Atlantic Ocean on the east through the Straits of Florida. To the north, it is bounded by the United States of America, to the west and south by Texas and Mexico, and on the east and southeast by Florida and Cuba, respectively. The Gulf of Mexico Basin lies wholly within the boundaries of the North American tectonic plate. See also: Basin; Intra-Americas Sea; Plate tectonics
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