Greene, David C. Department of Geology and Geography, Denison University, Granville, Ohio.
Last reviewed:November 2019
- Landscape features
- Climate and vegetation
- Human impact
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A semiarid region of the western United States characterized by internal drainage and a distinctive topography of narrow, elongate, predominantly north-trending mountain ranges with intervening deep valleys. The Great Basin is about 400,000 km2 (144,000 mi2) in area and includes most of Nevada and western Utah, as well as parts of eastern California, southeastern Oregon, and southern Idaho (Fig. 1). The region is bounded by the Sierra Nevada mountains to the west, the Columbia Plateau to the north, the Wasatch Range and Colorado Plateau to the east, and the Mojave Desert to the south. The province was named by John Fremont, who explored the area in 1843–1845 and recognized that the region is internally drained, with no rivers having outlets to the sea.
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