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Schwarz, Joshua National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland.
- Torsion experiments
- Recent concerns about G
- Alternative measurements of G
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Isaac Newton, from celestial observations, deduced the force law that describes the gravitational interaction F = GmM/r 2, where F is the attractive force between two point masses, m and M, separated by a distance r, and the gravitational constant G scales the equation to physical reality.
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