Tucker, David H. Agriculture Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Plant structure
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Citrus paradisi, an evergreen tree belonging to the order Sapindales and having a well-rounded top cultivated for its edible citrus fruit, which is large, globose, and characterized by a yellow rind and white, pink, or red pulp. The grapefruit apparently arose as a hybrid of shaddock or pomelo (pummelo) and sweet orange in the West Indies. Its first recorded mention was in Barbados in 1750, and the first use of the term grapefruit occurred in Jamaica in 1814. It was thought to have been introduced into Florida by Count Odet Philippe near Safety Harbor on Tampa Bay around 1823. The term grapefruit was derived from the tendency of the grapefruit tree to produce large clusters of fruit (see illustration) in a manner similar to that observed with grape vines. See also: Evergreen plants; Fruit; Fruit, tree; Horticultural crops; Sapindales
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