Weaver, Robert J. Department of Viticulture and Enology, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of California, Davis, California.
Hopkins, Donald L. Agricultural Research Center, Leesburg, Florida.
Last reviewed:May 2021
- Harvesting and processing
- Fungi and water molds
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The common name for plants of the genus Vitis characterized by climbing stems and grown for the edible, pulpy berries. Grapes (genus Vitis) comprise one of the world's most significant and economically important crops. The common grapevine is classified as Vitis vinifera (Fig. 1). It has intermittent forked tendrils, a bark that sheds, a diaphragm at the node, and elongated clusters with berries (called grapes) that adhere to the pedicels at maturity. This species also has thin, smooth, shiny leaves with three, five, or seven lobes. The grapes may be round or oval, and they have edible skins that adhere to the flesh. In American species, the skins slip from the pulp. In addition, many American species have a characteristic musky or foxy odor and taste. Muscadine grape plants (subgenera Muscadinia) [Fig. 2] have a bark that does not shed and simple tendrils that do not fork, thus distinguishing them from common grapevines (subgenera Euvitis) [Fig. 1]. See also: Fruit; Horticultural crops
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information