Weaver, Robert J. Department of Viticulture and Enology, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of California, Davis, California.
Hopkins, Donald L. Agricultural Research Center, Leesburg, Florida.
- Harvesting, processing, and marketing
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The common name for plants of the genus Vitis characterized by climbing stems and grown for the edible, pulpy berries. The common grapevine Vitis vinifera (Fig. 1) has intermittent forked tendrils, a bark that sheds, a diaphragm at the node, and elongated clusters with berries (grapes) that adhere to the pedicels at maturity. This species also has thin, smooth, shiny leaves with three, five, or seven lobes. The grapes may be round or oval, and they have edible skins that adhere to the flesh. In American species, the skins slip from the pulp. In addition, many American species have a characteristic musky or foxy odor and taste. Muscadine grape plants (subgenera Muscadinia) [Fig. 2] can be easily distinguished from common grapevines (subgenera Euvitis) by having a bark that does not shed and simple tendrils that do not fork. See also: Fruit; Horticultural crops
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