Hooke, Roger LeB. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, Maine.
Last reviewed:October 2019
Show previous versions
- Classification of glaciers
- Glacier growth and mass balance
- Flow of ice
- Sliding and till deformation
- Water movement
- Glacier surges
- Ice streams
- Glacier erosion
- Glacier deposition
- Climatic record in glaciers
- Glaciers of the ice ages
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A broad field encompassing all aspects of the study of ice. Many glaciologists focus their attention on glaciers, the largest ice masses on Earth, but glaciology also includes the study of ice that forms on rivers, lakes, and the sea; ice in the ground, including both permafrost and seasonal ice such as that which disrupts roads in the spring; and ice that crystallizes directly from the air on structures such as antennas and airplane wings. All forms of snow research, including snow hydrology and avalanche forecasting, also fall under the broad rubric of glaciology. Even planetary geologists are involved, as two of the moons of Jupiter, Ganymede and Callisto, are believed to be composed largely of ice, and ridges interpreted as moraines suggest that Mars once had glaciers. This article, however, will be restricted to discussion of glaciers. See also: Permafrost; Snow
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 45 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information