- Agriculture, Forestry & Soils
- Field crops, grasses, plant fibers, spices, tree crops, herbs
- Genetically modified crops
Genetically modified crops
Prakash, C. S. College of Agriculture, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, Alabama.
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- Traditional plant breeding
- Genetic modification technology
- Gene transfer
- GM plant development
- Present-day GM crops
- Future GM crops
- Safety of GM foods and crops
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Commercially grown plants that have altered genetic material through artificial recombinant manipulation. Genetic modification is the latest scientific tool for developing improved crop varieties. Such genetically modified (GM) crops can help to enhance agricultural productivity, boost food production, reduce the use of farm chemicals, and make food healthier for human consumption. Genetically modified crops (also called transgenic, genetically engineered, or bioengineered crops) represent the fastest-adopted technology in the history of agriculture (Fig. 1), yet they are not universally accepted because of perceived concerns about their safety. Skeptics believe that such crops may pose unrecognized risks to human and animal health and could damage the environment. See also: Agricultural science (plant); Agronomy; Biotechnology; Farm crops; Fiber crops; Genetic engineering; Genetically engineered plants; Genetics; Grain crops; Horticultural crops
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