Bucher, Martin A. Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
Last reviewed:June 2020
- Geometric interpretation
- Quantum electrodynamics
- Non-Abelian gauge theory
- Electroweak and strong interactions
- Asymptotic freedom and confinement
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The theoretical foundation of the four fundamental forces of nature, the electromagnetic, weak, strong, and gravitational interactions. Gauge symmetry lies at the heart of gauge theory. A gauge symmetry differs from an ordinary symmetry in two important respects:
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