Hales, Milton R. School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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Pathologies and abnormal conditions that involve the gallbladder. Although not essential to life or health, the gallbladder is the site and source of appreciable suffering and disease in humans. With its cystic duct, the gallbladder constitutes a blind-ended, lateral extension of the common bile duct. It is roughly the size and shape of a small pear, and is adherent to the outer surface of the liver. Besides acting as a reservoir for bile, the gallbladder concentrates and otherwise alters the composition of bile. See also: Gallbladder
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