Fused-salt phase equilibria
Thoma, Roy E. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Methods of investigation
- Types of equilibria
- Applications in research and development
- Additional Reading
Conditions in which two or more phases of fused-salt mixtures can coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium. Phase diagrams of these equilibrium conditions summarize basic knowledge about fused salts. Numerous advances in the technologies which are based on high-temperature chemistry have become possible through the increase in knowledge about fused salts. The increasingly significant role of fused salts in industrial processes is evident in the widening application of these materials as heat-transfer media, in extractive metallurgy, in nonaqueous reprocessing of nuclear reactor fuels, and in the development of nuclear reactors which create more fuel than they consume (breeder reactors); moreover, these technologies are all direct outgrowths of research and development with fused salts. See also: Nuclear reactor; Phase equilibrium
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