Fungal phylogenetic classification
Hibbett, David S. Department of Biology, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Biological classifications
- Prior classifications of Fungi
- Deep Hypha and the AFTOL classification
- Position of Fungi within eukaryotes and basal fungal lineages
- Future of fungal classification
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The classification of Fungi based on phylogenetic (evolutionary) relationships. Fungi constitute one of the major branches of the tree of life. There are about 100,000 described species in the Fungi, but it has been estimated that there are as many as 1.5 million extant fungal species. Fungi have evolved a remarkable diversity of forms and lifestyles. Some produce mushrooms, which are sexual reproductive structures, but most fungal species are very inconspicuous and generally go unnoticed. Single-celled forms called yeasts occur in multiple fungal groups, but most species grow as a network of microscopic filaments (hyphae), termed a mycelium, by which the fungus explores its environment and captures resources. Some fungi are aquatic and produce swimming cells with typical eukaryotic flagella. However, most fungi are terrestrial and lack flagellated cells, which appear to have been lost, perhaps multiple times, during fungal evolution. See also: Classification, biological; Fungi; Mushroom; Phylogeny; Yeast
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 45 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information