Fungal diversity in GenBank
Ozerskaya, Svetlana M. G. K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms RAS, All-Russian Collection of Microorganisms, Russian Federation.
- Analysis of online fungal data sources
- Fungal taxonomic diversity in GenBank
- Deficiencies of fungal genetic data in GenBank
- Importance of genetic data on type specimens for fungal systematics
- Fungal diversity in world culture collections and other data sets
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Genetic databases are indispensable in systematics, phylogenetic studies, and identification of fungal taxa of different ranks on the basis of gene sequence comparisons. GenBank, located at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the United States, and its international database partners, the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL, United Kingdom) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ, Japan), house the majority of DNA sequences produced by researchers investigating fungal diversity. Each of these databases is updated daily, but at the expense of interchanging the new DNA sequences submitted to any one of them. According to recent information, the size of GenBank exceeds 195 gigabytes and the number of sequences therein is doubled every 18 months. The total number of nucleotide fungal sequences in GenBank is approximately 3.0 million. GenBank also contains data on the number of nucleotide sequences for any specific taxa. For example, Saccharomyces pastorianus has 978,121 sequences, Saccharomyces cerevisiae has 57,038 sequences, and Moniliophthora perniciosa has 53,740 sequences.
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