Larsen, R. Paul Tree Fruit Research Center, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington.
Sharvelle, Eric G. Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
Wallace, James M. Citrus Research Center, University of California, Riverside, California.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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Any edible fruit borne on a tree. Tree fruits include temperate, subtropical, and tropical zone species. Most temperate-zone fruit trees are deciduous, that is, they lose their leaves in the autumn. They are grown principally in regions protected from prolonged summer heat and severe winter cold (above −10 to −15°F or −23 to −26°C). The principal deciduous tree fruits grown in the United States are apple (Fig. 1), peach, pear, plum, apricot, sweet cherry, tart cherry, and nectarine. Tree nuts, such as almond, pecan, walnut, and filbert, are sometimes classified as deciduous tree fruit crops. See also: Almond; Apple; Apricot; Cherry; Cold hardiness (plant); Filbert; Fruit; Nectarine; Nut crop culture; Peach; Pear; Pecan; Plum; Walnut
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