Fold and fold systems
Osberg, Philip H. Department of Geological Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, Maine.
Last reviewed:November 2019
- Elements of folds
- Geometry of folds
- Character of folds
- Strain-stress relationships
- Minor folds and cleavage
- Multiple folding
- Fold systems
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Folds are recognized where layered rocks have been distorted into wavelike forms. Some folds are fractions of an inch across and have lengths measured in inches, whereas others are a few miles wide and tens of miles long.
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