Pascual, Miguel Centro Nacional Patagónico, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Chubut, Argentina.
Dell'Arciprete, Patricia Centro Nacional Patagónico, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Chubut, Argentina.
Last reviewed:August 2019
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The study of ecological processes that affect exploited aquatic organisms in marine and freshwater environments. Because the field of fisheries ecology is primarily motivated by an attempt to harvest populations (Fig. 1), special attention has been given to understanding the regulation of aquatic populations by nature and humans. The foundations of fisheries ecology lie in population and community ecology. Moreover, a growing emphasis on the conservation of aquatic resources and on the development of aquatic culture in captivity is leading to a diversification of the issues examined by fisheries ecologists. Ideas, concepts, and methods from physiology, genetics, molecular biology, and epidemiology are increasingly relevant in fisheries ecology. Also, because of the multiplicity of issues associated with harvesting biological resources, fisheries ecology must go beyond biology and ecology into sociology and economics. See also: Conservation of resources; Conservation of species; Ecological communities; Ecology; Marine conservation; Marine ecology; Marine fisheries; Population ecology
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