Cole, Simon A. Department of Criminology, Law & Society, University of California, Irvine, California.
Last reviewed:February 2018
Show previous versions
- Forensic fingerprint evidence
- Legal challenges
- High-profile errors
- Toward a new paradigm of forensic fingerprint identification
- Additional Readings
A method of biometric identification that exploits the variability of friction ridge skin, the skin on primate fingertips. Fingerprint identification is a widely used and trusted method of biometric identification (Fig. 1). Historically, the two primary uses of fingerprint identification have been for criminal record keeping and for forensic identification. Fingerprints are also used for civil identification purposes, such as controlling access to government benefits, keeping motor vehicle records, and immigration control, and access to devices (for example, smartphones) and secure areas (for example, electronic security checkpoints). As a result of recent innovations in fingerprint scanners, fingerprints are being used increasingly for identification and security purposes. See also: Biometric technologies; Criminalistics; Epidermal ridges; Skin
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information